Academics - Graduate Studies - Example References

The following is an example list of references based on It matches the IEEE Computer Society instructions, except for the following details:

  • Full journal and conference names are used instead of abbreviations.
  • Full state names are used instead of abbreviations.
  • Conference paper entries show the sponsoring organization and city of the conference, instead of the publisher of the proceedings and publisher's city.
  • Put a space after all initials in names.
  • List all authors unless there are 10 or more.
  • List the date that a webpage is accessed as shown in reference 4.
[1]  A. J. Albrecht, "Measuring Application-Development Productivity," Programmer Productivity Issues for the Eighties, C. Jones, ed.,  IEEE CS Press, Los Alamitos, California, 1981, pp. 34-43.
[2] M. A. Arbib, ed., The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1998.
[3] Unix System V Interface Definition, issue 2, vol. 2, AT&T, Murray Hill, New Jersey, 1986.
[4] L. P. Burka, "A Hypertext History of Multiuser Dimensions," MUD History, (current Dec. 5, 2000).
[5] K. P. Burnham and D. R. Anderson, Model Selection and Inference: A Practical Information-Theoretic Approach, chapter 3, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998, pp. 75-117.
[6] J. Butler, "CASE Outlook," System Development Newsletter, Applied Computer Research, Phoenix, Arizona, Nov. 1987, p. 3.
[7] The Chicago Manual of Style, 13th edition, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1982.
[8] R. Elmasri and S. B. Navathe, Fundamentals of Database Systems, Benjamin/Cummings, Redwood City, California, 1992.
[9] B. Fagin, A Parallel Execution Model for Prolog, doctoral dissertation, Department of Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California, 1987.
[10]  J. Grant, Logical Introduction to Databases, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, San Diego, California, 1987.
[11] C. Hoffman and J. Hopcroft, Quadratic Blending Surfaces, technical report TR-85-674, Computer Science Department, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1985.
[12] IEEE Std. 1596-1992, Scalable Coherent Interface (SCI), IEEE, Piscataway, New Jersey, 1992.
[13] Recommendation ITU-R BT.601, Encoding Parameters of Digital Television for Studios, International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, 1992.
[14] T. Nakayama et al., "NEC Corporation Develops 32-Bit RISC Microprocessor," Nikkei Electronics, vol. 6, no. 12, Dec. 1995, pp. 111-121 (in Japanese).
[15] W. M. Newman and R. F. Sproull, Principles of Interactive Computer Graphics, McGraw-Hill, Hightstown, New Jersey, 1979.
[16] W. M. Newman and R. F. Sproull, Principles of Interactive Computer Graphics, CD-ROM, McGraw-Hill, Hightstown, New Jersey, 1979.
[17] M. Nichols, The Graphical Kernel System in Prolog, master's thesis, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, 1985.
[18] Office of Graduate Studies, Guidelines for Preparing Dissertations and Theses, 4th edition, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi, Nov. 2001.
[19] "Requirements for Software-Engineering Databases," technical memo, Imperial Software Technology, London, 1983.
[20]  I. E. Sutherland, R. F. Sproull, and R. A. Schumaker, "A Characterization of 10 Hidden-Surface Algorithms,"   ACM Computing Surveys, vol. 6, no. 1, Mar. 1974, pp. 1-55.
[21] Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 10th edition, Merriam-Webster, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1994.
[22] M. Weiser, "Program Slicing," Proceedings: 14th International Conference on Data Engineering,  San Diego, California, Feb. 1998, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 439-449.
[23] E. Yarwood, Toward Program Illustration, technical report, Computer Systems Research Group, University of Toronto, Toronto, 1977.
[24] A. N. Zhirabok and A. E. Shumskii, Electronnoe modelirovanie [Electronic Modeling], Energoatomizdat, Leningrad, 1984 (in Russian).